Cushing’s syndrome is due to overproduction of the hormone cortisol, which is a steroid hormone. This leads to widespread effects in the body, which may include high blood pressure, diabetes, bone fractures, menstrual irregularities in women, and weight gain.
Three forms of Cushing’s disease are recognised:
Specialised blood and urine tests are needed to diagnose Cushing’s disease, and to differentiate between the three causes listed above. CT or MRI scans can then be used to localise where in the body the cause for the Cushing’s disease is located.